Sql Map ile SQL injection açıklarının tespit edilmesi

Sqlmap, uygulamadaki exploıiti kullanarak sql injection yapmayı sağlayan bir linux hack uygulamasıdır. http://sqlmap.org/ sitesinden uygulamayı indirip kullanabilirsiniz. Kullanımı gayet kolay bir uygulamadı. “python sqlmap.py” ve buna uygun parametrelerle uygulama kullanılabilir.

Örnek bir atak için parametre aşağıdkai gibidir:

sqlmap -u “www.site.com/index.php?id=1”

Usage: python sqlmap.py [options]

Options:
  -h, –help            Show basic help message and exit
  -hh                   Show advanced help message and exit
  –version             Show program’s version number and exit
  -v VERBOSE            Verbosity level: 0-6 (default 1)

  Target:
    At least one of these options has to be provided to define the target(s)

    -d DIRECT           Connection string for direct database connection
    -u URL, –url=URL   Target URL (e.g. “http://www.site.com/vuln.php?id=1”)
    -l LOGFILE          Parse target(s) from Burp or WebScarab proxy log file
    -x SITEMAPURL       Parse target(s) from remote sitemap(.xml) file
    -m BULKFILE         Scan multiple targets given in a textual file
    -r REQUESTFILE      Load HTTP request from a file
    -g GOOGLEDORK       Process Google dork results as target URLs
    -c CONFIGFILE       Load options from a configuration INI file

  Request:
    These options can be used to specify how to connect to the target URL

    –method=METHOD     Force usage of given HTTP method (e.g. PUT)
    –data=DATA         Data string to be sent through POST (e.g. “id=1”)
    –param-del=PARA..  Character used for splitting parameter values (e.g. &)
    –cookie=COOKIE     HTTP Cookie header value (e.g. “PHPSESSID=a8d127e..”)
    –cookie-del=COO..  Character used for splitting cookie values (e.g. 😉
    –load-cookies=L..  File containing cookies in Netscape/wget format
    –drop-set-cookie   Ignore Set-Cookie header from response
    –user-agent=AGENT  HTTP User-Agent header value
    –random-agent      Use randomly selected HTTP User-Agent header value
    –host=HOST         HTTP Host header value
    –referer=REFERER   HTTP Referer header value
    -H HEADER, –hea..  Extra header (e.g. “X-Forwarded-For: 127.0.0.1”)
    –headers=HEADERS   Extra headers (e.g. “Accept-Language: fr\nETag: 123”)
    –auth-type=AUTH..  HTTP authentication type (Basic, Digest, NTLM or PKI)
    –auth-cred=AUTH..  HTTP authentication credentials (name:password)
    –auth-file=AUTH..  HTTP authentication PEM cert/private key file
    –ignore-code=IG..  Ignore (problematic) HTTP error code (e.g. 401)
    –ignore-proxy      Ignore system default proxy settings
    –ignore-redirects  Ignore redirection attempts
    –ignore-timeouts   Ignore connection timeouts
    –proxy=PROXY       Use a proxy to connect to the target URL
    –proxy-cred=PRO..  Proxy authentication credentials (name:password)
    –proxy-file=PRO..  Load proxy list from a file
    –tor               Use Tor anonymity network
    –tor-port=TORPORT  Set Tor proxy port other than default
    –tor-type=TORTYPE  Set Tor proxy type (HTTP, SOCKS4 or SOCKS5 (default))
    –check-tor         Check to see if Tor is used properly
    –delay=DELAY       Delay in seconds between each HTTP request
    –timeout=TIMEOUT   Seconds to wait before timeout connection (default 30)
    –retries=RETRIES   Retries when the connection timeouts (default 3)
    –randomize=RPARAM  Randomly change value for given parameter(s)
    –safe-url=SAFEURL  URL address to visit frequently during testing
    –safe-post=SAFE..  POST data to send to a safe URL
    –safe-req=SAFER..  Load safe HTTP request from a file
    –safe-freq=SAFE..  Test requests between two visits to a given safe URL
    –skip-urlencode    Skip URL encoding of payload data
    –csrf-token=CSR..  Parameter used to hold anti-CSRF token
    –csrf-url=CSRFURL  URL address to visit for extraction of anti-CSRF token
    –force-ssl         Force usage of SSL/HTTPS
    –hpp               Use HTTP parameter pollution method
    –eval=EVALCODE     Evaluate provided Python code before the request (e.g.
                        “import hashlib;id2=hashlib.md5(id).hexdigest()”)


  Optimization:
    These options can be used to optimize the performance of sqlmap


    -o                  Turn on all optimization switches
    –predict-output    Predict common queries output
    –keep-alive        Use persistent HTTP(s) connections
    –null-connection   Retrieve page length without actual HTTP response body
    –threads=THREADS   Max number of concurrent HTTP(s) requests (default 1)


  Injection:
    These options can be used to specify which parameters to test for,
    provide custom injection payloads and optional tampering scripts


    -p TESTPARAMETER    Testable parameter(s)
    –skip=SKIP         Skip testing for given parameter(s)
    –skip-static       Skip testing parameters that not appear to be dynamic
    –param-exclude=..  Regexp to exclude parameters from testing (e.g. “ses”)
    –dbms=DBMS         Force back-end DBMS to provided value
    –dbms-cred=DBMS..  DBMS authentication credentials (user:password)
    –os=OS             Force back-end DBMS operating system to provided value
    –invalid-bignum    Use big numbers for invalidating values
    –invalid-logical   Use logical operations for invalidating values
    –invalid-string    Use random strings for invalidating values
    –no-cast           Turn off payload casting mechanism
    –no-escape         Turn off string escaping mechanism
    –prefix=PREFIX     Injection payload prefix string
    –suffix=SUFFIX     Injection payload suffix string
    –tamper=TAMPER     Use given script(s) for tampering injection data


  Detection:
    These options can be used to customize the detection phase


    –level=LEVEL       Level of tests to perform (1-5, default 1)
    –risk=RISK         Risk of tests to perform (1-3, default 1)
    –string=STRING     String to match when query is evaluated to True
    –not-string=NOT..  String to match when query is evaluated to False
    –regexp=REGEXP     Regexp to match when query is evaluated to True
    –code=CODE         HTTP code to match when query is evaluated to True
    –text-only         Compare pages based only on the textual content
    –titles            Compare pages based only on their titles


  Techniques:
    These options can be used to tweak testing of specific SQL injection
    techniques


    –technique=TECH    SQL injection techniques to use (default “BEUSTQ”)
    –time-sec=TIMESEC  Seconds to delay the DBMS response (default 5)
    –union-cols=UCOLS  Range of columns to test for UNION query SQL injection
    –union-char=UCHAR  Character to use for bruteforcing number of columns
    –union-from=UFROM  Table to use in FROM part of UNION query SQL injection
    –dns-domain=DNS..  Domain name used for DNS exfiltration attack
    –second-url=SEC..  Resulting page URL searched for second-order response
    –second-req=SEC..  Load second-order HTTP request from file


  Fingerprint:
    -f, –fingerprint   Perform an extensive DBMS version fingerprint


  Enumeration:
    These options can be used to enumerate the back-end database
    management system information, structure and data contained in the
    tables. Moreover you can run your own SQL statements


    -a, –all           Retrieve everything
    -b, –banner        Retrieve DBMS banner
    –current-user      Retrieve DBMS current user
    –current-db        Retrieve DBMS current database
    –hostname          Retrieve DBMS server hostname
    –is-dba            Detect if the DBMS current user is DBA
    –users             Enumerate DBMS users
    –passwords         Enumerate DBMS users password hashes
    –privileges        Enumerate DBMS users privileges
    –roles             Enumerate DBMS users roles
    –dbs               Enumerate DBMS databases
    –tables            Enumerate DBMS database tables
    –columns           Enumerate DBMS database table columns
    –schema            Enumerate DBMS schema
    –count             Retrieve number of entries for table(s)
    –dump              Dump DBMS database table entries
    –dump-all          Dump all DBMS databases tables entries
    –search            Search column(s), table(s) and/or database name(s)
    –comments          Check for DBMS comments during enumeration
    -D DB               DBMS database to enumerate
    -T TBL              DBMS database table(s) to enumerate
    -C COL              DBMS database table column(s) to enumerate
    -X EXCLUDE          DBMS database identifier(s) to not enumerate
    -U USER             DBMS user to enumerate
    –exclude-sysdbs    Exclude DBMS system databases when enumerating tables
    –pivot-column=P..  Pivot column name
    –where=DUMPWHERE   Use WHERE condition while table dumping
    –start=LIMITSTART  First dump table entry to retrieve
    –stop=LIMITSTOP    Last dump table entry to retrieve
    –first=FIRSTCHAR   First query output word character to retrieve
    –last=LASTCHAR     Last query output word character to retrieve
    –sql-query=QUERY   SQL statement to be executed
    –sql-shell         Prompt for an interactive SQL shell
    –sql-file=SQLFILE  Execute SQL statements from given file(s)


  Brute force:
    These options can be used to run brute force checks


    –common-tables     Check existence of common tables
    –common-columns    Check existence of common columns


  User-defined function injection:
    These options can be used to create custom user-defined functions


    –udf-inject        Inject custom user-defined functions
    –shared-lib=SHLIB  Local path of the shared library


  File system access:
    These options can be used to access the back-end database management
    system underlying file system


    –file-read=FILE..  Read a file from the back-end DBMS file system
    –file-write=FIL..  Write a local file on the back-end DBMS file system
    –file-dest=FILE..  Back-end DBMS absolute filepath to write to


  Operating system access:
    These options can be used to access the back-end database management
    system underlying operating system


    –os-cmd=OSCMD      Execute an operating system command
    –os-shell          Prompt for an interactive operating system shell
    –os-pwn            Prompt for an OOB shell, Meterpreter or VNC
    –os-smbrelay       One click prompt for an OOB shell, Meterpreter or VNC
    –os-bof            Stored procedure buffer overflow exploitation
    –priv-esc          Database process user privilege escalation
    –msf-path=MSFPATH  Local path where Metasploit Framework is installed
    –tmp-path=TMPPATH  Remote absolute path of temporary files directory


  Windows registry access:
    These options can be used to access the back-end database management
    system Windows registry


    –reg-read          Read a Windows registry key value
    –reg-add           Write a Windows registry key value data
    –reg-del           Delete a Windows registry key value
    –reg-key=REGKEY    Windows registry key
    –reg-value=REGVAL  Windows registry key value
    –reg-data=REGDATA  Windows registry key value data
    –reg-type=REGTYPE  Windows registry key value type


  General:
    These options can be used to set some general working parameters


    -s SESSIONFILE      Load session from a stored (.sqlite) file
    -t TRAFFICFILE      Log all HTTP traffic into a textual file
    –batch             Never ask for user input, use the default behavior
    –binary-fields=..  Result fields having binary values (e.g. “digest”)
    –check-internet    Check Internet connection before assessing the target
    –crawl=CRAWLDEPTH  Crawl the website starting from the target URL
    –crawl-exclude=..  Regexp to exclude pages from crawling (e.g. “logout”)
    –csv-del=CSVDEL    Delimiting character used in CSV output (default “,”)
    –charset=CHARSET   Blind SQL injection charset (e.g. “0123456789abcdef”)
    –dump-format=DU..  Format of dumped data (CSV (default), HTML or SQLITE)
    –encoding=ENCOD..  Character encoding used for data retrieval (e.g. GBK)
    –eta               Display for each output the estimated time of arrival
    –flush-session     Flush session files for current target
    –forms             Parse and test forms on target URL
    –fresh-queries     Ignore query results stored in session file
    –har=HARFILE       Log all HTTP traffic into a HAR file
    –hex               Use hex conversion during data retrieval
    –output-dir=OUT..  Custom output directory path
    –parse-errors      Parse and display DBMS error messages from responses
    –preprocess=PRE..  Use given script(s) for preprocessing of response data
    –repair            Redump entries having unknown character marker (?)
    –save=SAVECONFIG   Save options to a configuration INI file
    –scope=SCOPE       Regexp to filter targets from provided proxy log
    –test-filter=TE..  Select tests by payloads and/or titles (e.g. ROW)
    –test-skip=TEST..  Skip tests by payloads and/or titles (e.g. BENCHMARK)
    –update            Update sqlmap


  Miscellaneous:
    -z MNEMONICS        Use short mnemonics (e.g. “flu,bat,ban,tec=EU”)
    –alert=ALERT       Run host OS command(s) when SQL injection is found
    –answers=ANSWERS   Set predefined answers (e.g. “quit=N,follow=N”)
    –beep              Beep on question and/or when SQL injection is found
    –cleanup           Clean up the DBMS from sqlmap specific UDF and tables
    –dependencies      Check for missing (optional) sqlmap dependencies
    –disable-coloring  Disable console output coloring
    –gpage=GOOGLEPAGE  Use Google dork results from specified page number
    –identify-waf      Make a thorough testing for a WAF/IPS protection
    –list-tampers      Display list of available tamper scripts
    –mobile            Imitate smartphone through HTTP User-Agent header
    –offline           Work in offline mode (only use session data)
    –purge             Safely remove all content from sqlmap data directory
    –skip-waf          Skip heuristic detection of WAF/IPS protection
    –smart             Conduct thorough tests only if positive heuristic(s)
    –sqlmap-shell      Prompt for an interactive sqlmap shell
    –tmp-dir=TMPDIR    Local directory for storing temporary files
    –web-root=WEBROOT  Web server document root directory (e.g. “/var/www”)
    –wizard            Simple wizard interface for beginner users

Kullanım ile ilgili parametreler: